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Classifying St. Louis Lawn Weeds

by Kelly Dowell on April 20, 2015
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Classifying_St_Louis_Weeds

Why do Weeds Exist?

Understanding the specific weed problem you have can uncover indicators of unfavorable conditions. 

For example, knotweed frequently occurs in areas of severe soil compaction, ground ivy thrives under trees where there is insufficient sunlight and red sorrel is usually indicative of overly acidic soil.

It’s important to identify the problem that your turf has in order to properly asses what can and should be done to remedy your lawn. But first, let's get a grasp for when St. Louis lawn weeds will be prevalent. 

Classifying St. Louis Lawn Weeds 

It’s beneficial to have a basic understanding of a weed’s lifecycle, growth and reproduction strategy in order to design best practices for defeating them. Weeds can be categorized into 3 different botanical groups of annuals, biennials and perennials.  

Annual Weeds

common_chickweed_weed_st_louis_turfAnnual weeds complete their lifecycle within 1 year and will die off on their own if left untreated.

Winter annual weeds, such as chickweed (shown in the photo) & henbit, germinate in late summer and die the following summer with the heat.

Summer annual weeds germinate in spring and die off with the first hard frost in the fall and include spurge and crabgrass.  

Biennial Weeds

Bull_thistle_common_weed_st_louis

Biennial weeds will live longer than the annual weeds, but not longer than 2 years.

The first year, seeds will germinate and grow and in the second year they will flower. After flowering and seed production they will die off. Common examples in our area include bull thistle (shown in the photo), wild carrot and evening primrose.

Perennial Weeds

broadleaf_plantain_common_st_louis_weedsPerennial weeds will live for more than 2 years and sometimes indefinitely.

Weeds like quackgrass & nutsedge can reproduce using stolons, rhizomes, and nutlets. These forms of reproduction all take place underground making them tougher to eliminate. Wild onions and garlic grow from a bulb, just like the store bought kind. 

Other perennial weeds like dandelions and plantains (shown in the photo) are designed to spread mostly by seed above ground. Dandelions will come back year after year if their long taproot is not removed or properly treated. 

 

Continue Reading Part 2: Weed Control Methods

Awesome, so now that we know how to classify St. Louis lawn weeds, we're ready to get rid of them!  In part 2 of this series we will explore weed control methods: when to treat them and with what type of herbicide. 

Click on one of the links below to continue reading this series: 

Introduction: St. Louis Lawn Weed Control

Part 2: Weed Control Methods

Part 3: Weed Identification

Topics: Turf Care

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